eScience Humanity Journal <p>eScience Humanity Journal is a social and humanities journal that can be used by researchers both in educational and public institutions. This journal is published twice each year in November and May.</p> <p> </p> en-US (Ferri Yonantha) (Tomi Arianto) Wed, 31 May 2023 15:35:40 +0000 OJS 60 POSITIVE POLITENESS STRATEGIES EMPLOYED BY THE CHARACTERS IN TURNING RED MOVIE <p>This research was purposed to discover the positive politeness strategy by using the theory from Brown and Levinson (1987). And for the data source, this research took a movie “Turning Red”. This study used the descriptive qualitative method from Creswell (2013). In collecting and analyzing the data this research applied the theory from Sudaryanto (2015). It was found 21 data of positive politeness done by the characters. The strategy 10: Offer, promise occurred 5 times was most strategy used. Strategy 2: Exaggerate occurred 2 times. Strategy 4: Use in-group identity markers appeared 2 times. Strategy 5: Seek agreement appeared 1 time. Strategy 7: Presuppose appeared 1 time. Strategy 9: Assert or presuppose speaker knowledge of and concern for hearer wants appeared 2 times. Strategy 12: Include both speaker and hearer in the activity was 4 times occurrence. Strategy 14: Assume or assert reciprocity occurred 3 times. And Strategy 15: Give gift occurred 1 time.</p> <p> </p> Laila Marfirah, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2023 eScience Humanity Journal Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN “UP” MOVIE: PRAGMATIC APPROACH <p>This research was about cooperative principle in Up movie. The purposes of this research were to find out and explain the types of maxims in Up movie. This movie showed the conversation between the senior citizen and a kid who had different level the way of thinking. Their ideas while speaking gave experience how people with different level of age avoid misunderstanding. By looking at the connection between questions and answers or responses showed the cooperative conversation. This research applied the theory of cooperative principle with four maxims theorized by Grice. This descriptive qualitative research used the observational method to collect the data and pragmatic identity method to analyze the data. The result of this analysis was the maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relevant, and maxims of manner applied by the characters. It showed that the different age of the speakers will not change the meaning of each speaker because the speakers have the same perception and aim. Additionally, the maxim of manner is the most used data and the maxim of quality was the least data used in Up movie.</p> Bagus Wahyu Utomo, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2023 eScience Humanity Journal Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MANAGEMENT OF LEGAL PRODUCT DOCUMENTS AT THE LEGAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS BUREAU OF THE RIAU ISLANDS REGIONAL SECRETARIAT <p><em>This study aims to determine the activities of document management of legal products in legal counseling activities at the Bureau of Law and Human Rights at the Regional Secretariat of the Riau Islands Province. The method used is qualitative research with a study approach. Data collection techniques were carried out through observation and literature study. Data analysis techniques were carried out using data analysis techniques according to Miles and Huberman, namely Data Reduction, Data Display and Conclusion Drawing. The results showed that the activities of managing legal product documents at the Bureau of Law and Human Rights of the Regional Secretariat of the Riau Islands Province followed the rules of documentation which included recording which included activities of formulation, organization which included preparation and storage activities as well as socialization which included extension and socialization activities. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the management of legal product documents at the Bureau of Law and Human Rights of the Regional Secretariat of the Riau Islands Province has been carried out in accordance with the rules of documentation.</em></p> Zuhdi Arman, Anna Andriany Siagian, Sari Sari Copyright (c) 2023 eScience Humanity Journal Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE REFLECTION OF ATTITUDE CHANGE IN ANTON CHEKOV’S STORY “FAT AND THIN” <p>This study aim to reveal the attitude change that are reflected through the story character written by Anton Chekov entitled “Fat and Thin”. Anton Chekov with his high-level imaginative mind can use narration in criticizing human behavior, especially the vertical nature of Russian society which likes to serve itself in positions and titles which are also known as "bootlickers". Changes in attitudes like this have even become a dilemma almost shared by many people around the world. This literary criticism is then explored more deeply by using the attitude change approach in psychology from Carl Hovland supported by the balance Heider theory. The method used in this research is a descriptive qualitative method with data collection and analysis techniques in librarian study. The results of this research indicated that the reflection of attitude change through the behavior of the two friends who are called fat and thin in the story. The two of them are childhood friends who have not seen each other for a long time. The change in attitude was evident from Thin's attitude, who knew that Fat was his military superior with the rank of lieutenant general. Such a situation makes Thin's behavior change a form of balancing as a defense mechanism of conditions. Chekhov, through his clear naration and dialogues, displayed this behavior very strongly. There are several factors that cause this change in attitude including psychological internal factors in the form of mental discomfort and personal dissonance, as well as external factors that influence in the form of interactions, situations and targets. This story describes an inner relationship because an idealistic friendship changes in attitude due to the vertical relationship factor that places a person as a bootlicker.</p> Tomi Arianto, Septriani Septriani Copyright (c) 2023 eScience Humanity Journal Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ADDRESS TERMS ANALYSIS IN THE “GRIDIRON GANG” MOVIE: THE TYPES AND THE FUNCTIONS <p>The aim of this qualitative research was to reveal the types and functions of address terms in the Gridiron Gang movie. It applied the theories of Chaika (1982) and Wardhaugh (2014). observation method and non-participatory technique were employed to collect the data. Sociolinguistic approach was used for this study. Referential identity method and equalizing technique were then used to analyze the data. The result of this study is reported in descriptively and narratively. It was found all types and functions of address; Special nickname, First name, title only, kinship term, last name, pet name, and title plus last name. Special nickname was the most prevalent kind. Moreover, all three functions of address terms were discovered. The function of address terms most often used is to distinguish between stranger and power. Special nickname was used to demonstrate different power and authority in a prison or on a sports field. Additionally, there were three unique data. The uniqueness between these three data and others were that the function of the type of address term different from which is proposed by Wardhaugh and Chaika’s theory.</p> Aditya Pratama Ramadhan, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2023 eScience Humanity Journal Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE EXISTENCE OF ILLOCUTIONARY ACTS AND ITS TYPES USED IN “SEARCHING” MOVIE <p>Communication is very important in human relations. Fluency and understanding of communication can launch things to be achieved for a speaker. This research aimed to analyze the existence of illocutionary acts and the types of illocutionary acts used in a movie (Searle &amp; Vanderveken, 1985). This research used a 2018 movie entitled Searching as a data source. This film told about the efforts of a father to find his missing daughter in various ways. The Searching movie taken as the data source because the movie is unique and different from the others. This research used qualitative descriptive method because the analysis carried out will be explained in a narrative text that contains words. The collecting data method in this research used non-participant technique. The approach used in this study is a pragmatic approach. The results found from this study indicate the existences of using illocutionary acts in the data source and the use of its types in the form of declarative, expressive, commissive, directive, and representative. The speech acts theory of illocutionary acts were implemented in every conversation found in the movie of “Searching”.</p> Puja Maharani, Zia Hisni Mubarak Copyright (c) 2023 eScience Humanity Journal Wed, 07 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000